Natural conditions in several regions in Indonesia are increasingly alarming. Many forests and gardens become oil palm plantations. Massive destruction continues. Forests are lost, fields are destroyed, rice fields and cattle fields are gone. Indigenous peoples who used to depend on forest and field products have lost their source of life. Not to mention the HGU case that continues to haunt the community.
Natural resources in Indonesia are depicted at the National Seminar on “The Situation of Indigenous Women in Indonesia” (5/12) held by PEREMPUAN AMAN (Indigenous Women Union of the Archipelago). Amid the lack of natural support capacity, Yurni, Paser Indigenous Women stated in such circumstances. “Nobody can improve the part of the indigenous people itself,” Yurni said.
The National Seminar shows the initiative of indigenous women through the PEREMPUAN AMAN organization in reversing the situation of the natural resource crisis in indigenous territories.
The natural damage that occurred in Binua Manyalitn, Wisa, Dayak Kanayatn Indigenous Women, encouraged the Samabue Customary School. This school was formed so that the knowledge of indigenous women such as woven, agricultural cultivation, history, and folklore, as well as traditional cuisine was passed on to the younger generation. In the traditional school, Indigenous Women from the youth and the elderly are involved not only as initiators but also teachers of traditional schools.
The initiative to reverse the crisis that was pushed by Yurni along with PEREMPUAN AMAN was through plaited solong penias or baskets to put seeds. This weaving practice is carried out as an effort to save the knowledge of indigenous women who directly contribute to the suppression of deforestation rates.
In the east of Indonesia, the story of Julrevko Manduapessy, Adat Tananahu Woman, Maluku, was collected. Julvreko said that the Tananahu indigenous people are still struggling with the terror of the HGU continue to strive to defend the land. In the midst of growing mushrooming oil palm and cocoa, the Tananahu community continues to struggle to maintain the land so as to conserve sago as a staple food.
Devi Anggraini, Chairperson of PEREMPUAN AMAN, said that many roles and functions of indigenous women were lost, feudalism and patriarchy were still underway. In fact, the role of indigenous women in maintaining knowledge and environmental sustainability is very large. “Because of the domestic space of indigenous women is not just a piece of the kitchen but a large area up to the traditional territory,” said Devi.
Through the PEREMPUAN AMAN organization, Devi hopes that indigenous women must be brave, build the capacity of indigenous women to be more confident, and be able to explain who she is and what she wants to do and how and can be different.